India is invoking an emergency rule that will force some of the country’s biggest coal power plants to operate at full capacity, as the country prepares to meet surging electricity demand and avoid blackouts.
Power stations operating on imported coal will be asked to run flat out for three months during the summer season to ease the burden on domestic coal supplies, according to a Feb. 20 power ministry order seen by Bloomberg News. (ALSO READ: Number Theory: Is an early start to summer likely this year? )
The ministry previously invoked the emergency rule during a power crisis last summer when blistering heat caused widespread blackouts and threatened economic growth.
Several parts of the country are witnessing unusually warm weather for this time of the year and peak electricity demand over the past week is already close to the record levels seen during last year’s energy crisis. The government expects peak power demand to reach 229 gigawatts in April, compared with an all-time high of 215 gigawatts seen last summer.
The affected plants include Adani Power Ltd.’s giant 4,620 megawatt facility at Mundra in the coastal state of Gujarat and Tata Power Co.’s 4,000 megawatt plant in the same town. Some of these plants with fixed-price power supply contracts have not been operating at full capacity as it’s hard for them to supply electricity at those rates when imported coal prices rise.
Adani Power jumped as much as 5.1% in early Mumbai trading Tuesday, extending its streak of gains to a fourth session. Tata Power Co. rose as much as 1.7%. (ALSO READ: Adani Power cancels ₹70.2 bn Chhattisgarh-based coal plant acquisition)
Coal stockpiles at power stations have risen nearly 28% over the past year, although they are still far below the government’s target of 45 million tons by March. Coal produces nearly 70% of India’s electricity and adequate reserves would be key to ensuring smooth power supplies during the high-demand season. (ALSO READ: Summer-like temperatures in spring set off alarm bells)
Press officials at the ministry didn’t respond to an email and a text message seeking comment. Reuters reported the order earlier on Monday.
The ministry said it would invoke Section 11 of the electricity laws in the “larger public interest” and the order will be effective starting March 16.
Plants have been asked to sell power to contracted buyers at rates determined by a government panel, according to the order. Surplus power can be sold at the exchanges and net profit from such sales will be equally divided between the generation company and the contracted buyers.
India’s electricity laws allow the government to force any power station to operate as directed in extraordinary circumstances, such as a natural disaster or a threat to national security or public order.
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